Drug rehabilitation (often drug rehab or just rehab) is the process of helping someone to live without illegal drugs (we include prescription drugs taken NOT taken as prescribed as illegal), after they have become addicted to them. It is the term for the process of medical and/or psychotherapeutic treatment to eliminate dependency on psychoactive substances such as alcohol, prescription drugs, and street drugs such as cocaine, heroin or amphetamines. The general intent is to enable the patient to cease substance abuse, in order to avoid the psychological, legal, financial, social, and physical consequences that can be caused, especially by extreme abuse. Treatment includes medication for depression or other disorders, titration from larger dosages to a level which allows the complete and safe removal of the drug fostering the dependency, and/or counseling by experts and sharing of experience with other addicts.
First drug rehabilitation centers were for alcohol. There are frequently called “dry out centers”. This was a place which use medication for the slow process of detoxing the addicted person or alcoholic from the alcohol addiction. Immediate withdrawal or “cold turkey” withdraw from alcohol can result in seizures and/or death. In the late 60s other legal and illegal drugs had become consistently abuse and people became addicted. These early these early drug rehabilitation programs emerged out of the halfway house model. Sometimes they were called “TC’s” (i.e.; therapeutic communities). The TC’s employed fairly aggressive therapeutic model of breaking down the self-esteem of the addicted individual and “we creating a new person” who was now not addicted. Today the models of counseling and psychotherapy are many and varied. Some rehab centers include meditation and spiritual wisdom in the treatment process.
Various types of programs offer help in drug rehabilitation, including: residential treatment (in-patient), out-patient, local support groups, extended care centers, recovery or sober houses, addiction counselling, mental health, orthomolecular medicine and medical care. Some rehab centers offer age- and gender-specific programs.
Scientific research since 1970 shows that effective treatment addresses the multiple needs of the patient rather than treating addiction alone. In addition, medically assisted detoxification alone is ineffective as a treatment for addiction. Whatever the methodology, patient motivation is an important factor in treatment success.
Drug rehabilitation is sometimes part of the criminal justice system. People convicted of minor (and sometimes major) drug offenses may be sentenced to rehabilitation instead of prison, and those convicted of driving while intoxicated are sometimes required to attend Alcoholics Anonymous meetings. Sometimes drug rehabilitation comes in the form of a jail sentence. Imprisonment is the harshest form of detoxification.
Drug overdose is common among famous people as the cause of their sudden deaths.This can be their way of coping up with the stress of the business and industry that they are in. It is just deeply disconcerting that the consequences to such actions are deadly. Entertainers and other high-profile individuals who died as a result of a heroin overdose should stand as a reminder of the dangers of this drug.
It can kill anyone, anytime, anywhere –rich or poor, black or white, famous or infamous. Here is a capsule review of those creative and famous individuals who have lost their life as a result of heroin overdose.
Kurt Donald Cobain who was an American musician and artist. Technically, he committed suicide with a self inflicted gunshot, but few doubt the influence his heroin addiction had on his state of mind. Kurt was clinically depressed, and the heroin would never have allowed him to see things clearly and seek help. As a result, he took his own life because he saw it as the only way out.
James Douglas “Jim” Morrison who was an American singer-songwriter and poet, best remembered as the lead singer of Los Angeles rock band The Doors.In 1971 he died in his bathtub of a heart attack triggered by an overdose of heroin.
Janis Lyn Joplin who was one of the greatest American female folk-rock singers of all-time,she died of heroin overdose on Los Angeles after a long battle with the drug at the age of 27.
Paula Yates a British TV show host and ex-wife of Live Aid founder Bob Geldof, she died of a heroin overdose.
And more recently:
Amy Winehouse – singer-songwriter from Great Britain, who performed in a diverse musical arrangements including musical R&B, soul, jazz and reggae. Amy died in a heroin overdose only months after receiving her first Emmy.
And the list could go on for pages….
Make no mistake, drug rehabilitation has the power to change a person’s life, getting them off of drugs and providing the tools and skill sets required to stay clean. But drug rehabilitation is also filled with challenges. In addition to the difficult adjustment to life without drugs, the individual may also encounter a series of side effects as a result of the treatment which can derail their progress and even lead to relapse.
During the drug detox portion of rehab, most individuals experience a series of withdrawal symptoms. Withdrawals symptoms are psychological and physical conditions which occur as the body adjusts to the lack of drugs in the system. Some of the most withdrawal symptoms include: depression, anxiety, sweat and chills, hallunciations, mood swings, sleeplessness and restlessness.
Generally, none of these symptoms are excessively dangerous, but taken together they can lead to significant mental and physical health concerns for the individual. Seizures and death are quite frequent for individuals who cold turkey off alcohol and or benzodiazepine drugs. In the end, (aside from death) the most serious things that can result from withdrawal symptoms are relapse back into drug use – or potentially suicidal thoughts or actions.
Whether you as an individual I seeking freedom from drugs, or you are a concern friend or family member the road is challenging; one must always remember the positive side effects of drug rehab –most importantly, the chance to start a new, fulfilling life that is free of drug addiction.For those who make it through the tough times during rehab, there is a significant reward waiting at the end of the program.